The Chamber passed a bill on Monday (21) setting the payment program for environmental services, with the aim of encouraging rural producers to promote measures to protect the environment.
The basic text, which had not changed compared to the text approved by the Senate last Wednesday (16), was adopted with 298 votes and received 2 votes against. MEPs then deleted an extract stating that resources resulting from the conversion of fines could be allocated to measures for payments for environmental services. The text is sanctioned.
The vote came despite the obstruction accepted by parties allied with Congressman Arthur Lira (PP-AL), who is running for the presidency of the Chamber now occupied by Congressman Rodrigo Maia (DEM-RJ).
On Friday (18) Maia formalized an opposition-backed bloc. In a strength test, Lira’s group tried unsuccessfully to obstruct the vote on the project.
The deputy Giovani Cherini (RS) for the leadership of the PL criticized Maia’s intention to vote on the projects this Monday. “At the end of the year, Your Excellency decided to resolve the issue of the Presidency of the Chamber in order to discuss matters for which there was no discussion with the leadership, there was no discussion in the House, matters that did not go through the commissions”, he said.
“This is a very strange thing, sir. Incidentally, President Rodrigo Maia is not like you. We cannot understand this type of position. “
In response, Maia recalled that the Senate had just voted on the bill. “In no way would I exceed the House of Representatives agenda,” he said.
The approved draft law defines rules for the creation of a national guideline for payments for environmental services, creates a national register for these payments and a federal program to promote these measures.
National policy provides for payments for services provided to the population that help maintain protected areas. In detail, the project defines activities that promote the “maintenance, restoration or improvement of ecosystem services” as environmental services.
Payments are made to the population in rural and urban areas and to rural producers, with preference given to members of traditional communities, indigenous peoples and family farmers.
Areas with indigenous vegetation cover, areas undergoing ecosystem restoration, protected areas, indigenous areas, quilombola areas and other areas occupied by traditional populations can be included in national policy
The text states that these payments can be made through financial transfers or in an alternative way, such as providing social improvements to rural and urban communities, compensation related to the certificate of emissions reduction from deforestation and degradation, among others.
National policy is administered by Sisnama (National Environmental System).
According to the deputy Rodrigo Agostinho (PSB-SP), the proposal goes ahead in the fight against deforestation and in environmental rehabilitation in private areas. “This is the most successful strategy in the world to fight deforestation and restore the environment in private areas,” he said.