Science

Pantanal has the worst October in the history of the fires and the fire is growing 121% in the Amazon – 01/11/2020 – Environment

The fires continue to punish Brazilian biomes. In the Amazon, the fire rose 121% in October compared to the same month in 2019. Meanwhile, the Pantanal had the worst October fire ever recorded.

In the Amazon region, 17,326 outbreaks of fire were registered last month, according to the Inpe (National Institute for Space Research) Burn program. In October 2019 there were 7,855 (lowest value ever recorded in the biome for the month).

It is the second worst fire in the Amazon in the last ten years after just 2015 with 19,469 hot spots. The fire in the biome is of human origin and is usually associated with deforestation.

The high value occurs despite the ban on the use of fire in the Amazon region and also the presence of the armed forces in the forest for Operation Verde Brasil 2 against illegal environmental acts since May. In addition to incineration, deforestation also remains at a high level.

At the same time, the Pantanal continues to face its worst burning year. The fire in the area is largely human (whether accidentally or intentionally) and the situation is even more complex as the biome is experiencing the worst drought in 60 years.

There were 2,856 hot spots in October, the highest value ever recorded for that month. This corresponds to an increase of 17% compared to the same month in 2019.

However, the situation does not seem to have improved much compared to the last three months. In July, August and September, the incineration in the Pantanal was 241%, 251% and 181% respectively compared to the same months of 2019.

September had the highest number of fires ever recorded in a month in the biome.

The use of fire has also been banned in the Pantanal since July by a decree by President Jair Bolsonaro (without a party), which, however, despised its possible effect. The state of Mato Grosso had previously banned fires.

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